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Buffalo Filter is committed to providing you with the most comprehensive surgical smoke plume related educational materials. Buffalo Filter's website hosts to a resourceful library of research articles, studies, and editorial work discussing the hazards of surgical smoke plume. 

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Analysis of Surgical Smoke Produced by Various Energy-Based Instruments and Effect on Laparoscopic Visibility

Kyle J. Weld, MD; Stephen Dryer; Caroline D. Ames; Kuk Cho; Chris Hogan; Myonghwa Lee; Pratim Biswas; Jamie Landman, MD; Journal of Endourology, Vol 21, No 3; 3/2007

Categories: General, Laparoscopic, OB/GYN

Discusses the relationship of particle size in plume during laparoscopic procedures. Applies to general surgery as well as gynecologic laparoscopy.

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Call to Tackle Toxic Surgery Smoke Risk for Doctors, Nurses, Patients

John Weekes; Stuff.co.nz; 5/2016

Categories: Aesthetics, Cardiothoracic, Dentistry, Dermatology, Drills, ENT, General, Laparoscopic, Laser, OB/GYN, Orthopedic, Plastic, Plume, Reamers, Saws, Veterinary

Surgeons, nurses and patients are being exposed to toxic surgical smoke from burnt body parts, and health staff want new safety measures to combat the risks in New Zealand hospitals.

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Comparison of Current and Past Surgical Smoke Control Practices

Ben E. Edwards, MS, CLSO, RRPT, CHP, CMLSO; Robert E. Reiman, MSPH, MD; AORN Journal,; 3/2012

Categories: Aesthetics, Cardiothoracic, Dentistry, Dermatology, Drills, ENT, Laparoscopic, Laser, OB/GYN, Orthopedic, Plastic, Plume, Veterinary

This is the result of a survey conducted by the authors regarding various surgical smoke control practices throughout the United States. The results showed a variety of Local Exhaust Ventilation, Suction and respiratory protection measures.

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Electrosurgery Revisted

Baggish, Michael; Journal of Gynecologic Surgery; 2/2009

Categories: Laser, OB/GYN

This article discusses the hazards of surgical smoke plume, including the presence of HPV, HIV and other viruses as well as DNA. They also discuss the use of smoke evacuators.

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Generations of Infectious Retrovirus Aerosol Through Medical Laser Irradiation

Benedikt L. Ziegler, MD; Christian A. Thomas, MD; Thomas Meier, PhD; Robert Muller, PhD; Theodor M. Fliedner, MD; Lothar Weber, MD, PhD; Lasers in Surgery & Medicine, Vol 23; 1/1998

Categories: General, Laser, OB/GYN

Lasers have many applications in medicine. Although laser beams may come in contact with infectious or neoplastic tissues, the risk of infections or inadvertent dissemination of neoplastic cells through laser plume or vapors is thought to be negligible.

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Human Papillomavirus DNA in CO2 Laser Generated Plume of Smoke and Its Consequences to the Surgeon

Alex Ferenczy, MD; Christine Bergeron, MD; Ralph M. Richart, MD; Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vol 75, No 1; 1/1990

Categories: OB/GYN

Carbon dioxide laser energy is absorbed by intracellular water but not by proteins or nucleic acids. The possibility of dispersing viral DNA during laser therapy of human papillomavirus (HPV)-containing genital infections was explored using a filter…

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Pilot Study of Directional Airflow and Containment of Airborne Particles in the Size of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis in an Operating Room

Russell N. Olmsted, MPH, CIC; American Journal of Infection Control, Vol 36, No 4; 5/2008

Categories: Aesthetics, Cardiothoracic, Dentistry, Dermatology, Drills, ENT, General, Laparoscopic, Laser, OB/GYN, Plastic, Plume, Reamers, Saws, Smoke

This pilot study clearly indicates that avoiding the use of freestanding HEPA filters inside an OR during a surgical procedure is prudent and consistent with Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines.

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The Examination of Problems Experienced by Nurses and Doctors Associated with Exposure to Surgical Smoke and the Necessary Precautions

The Examination of Problems Experienced by Nurses and Doctors Associated with Exposure to Surgical Smoke and the Necessary Precautions; Journal of Clinical Nursing; 7/2016

Categories: Aesthetics, Cardiothoracic, Dermatology, ENT, General, OB/GYN, Orthopedic, Plastic, Veterinary

This article researches the problems experienced by the nurses and doctors as a result of exposure to surgical smoke included: headache, watering of the eyes, cough, sore throat, bad odors absorbed in the hair, and nausea; then drowsiness, dizziness,…

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