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Buffalo Filter is committed to providing you with the most comprehensive surgical smoke plume related educational materials. Buffalo Filter's website hosts to a resourceful library of research articles, studies, and editorial work discussing the hazards of surgical smoke plume. 

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Bovie Smoke: A Perilous Plume

Patrick W. McCormick, MD; AANS Neurosurgeon, Vol 17, No 1; 1/2008

Categories: Aesthetics, Cardiothoracic, Dentistry, Dermatology, Drills, ENT, General, Laparoscopic, Laser, Orthopedic, Plastic, Plume, Reamers, Saws, Smoke

Surgical smoke plume, often referred to as Bovie smoke, is examined in this article from a number of different facets. Taken from the American Association of Neurological Surgeons Journal, the author outlines the hazards by first making the comparison of…

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Call to Tackle Toxic Surgery Smoke Risk for Doctors, Nurses, Patients

John Weekes;; 5/2016

Categories: Aesthetics, Cardiothoracic, Dentistry, Dermatology, Drills, ENT, General, Laparoscopic, Laser, OB/GYN, Orthopedic, Plastic, Plume, Reamers, Saws, Veterinary

Surgeons, nurses and patients are being exposed to toxic surgical smoke from burnt body parts, and health staff want new safety measures to combat the risks in New Zealand hospitals.

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Chemical Composition of Smoke Produced by High-frequency Electrosurgery

O.S. Al Sahaf; I.Vega-Carrascal; F.O. Cunningham; J.P. MCGrath; F.J. Bloomfield; Irish Journal of Medical Science; 7/2007

Categories: Aesthetics, Cardiothoracic, Dermatology, Drills, ENT, General, Laparoscopic, Laser, Orthopedic, Plastic, Plume, Saws, Smoke

This study demonstrated the presence of irritant, carcinogenic and neurotoxic compounds in electrosurgical smoke such as toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene. This may have considerable implications for the health and safety of all involved in surgical…

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Comparison of Current and Past Surgical Smoke Control Practices

Ben E. Edwards, MS, CLSO, RRPT, CHP, CMLSO; Robert E. Reiman, MSPH, MD; AORN Journal,; 3/2012

Categories: Aesthetics, Cardiothoracic, Dentistry, Dermatology, Drills, ENT, Laparoscopic, Laser, OB/GYN, Orthopedic, Plastic, Plume, Veterinary

This is the result of a survey conducted by the authors regarding various surgical smoke control practices throughout the United States. The results showed a variety of Local Exhaust Ventilation, Suction and respiratory protection measures.

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Effects of Plume Produced by the Nd: YAG Laser and Electrocautery on the Respiratory System

Barry L. Wenig, MD; Kerstin M. Stenson, MD; Diane Tracey, BS; Wiley-Liss, Inc., Vol 13; 1/1993

Categories: Dermatology, ENT, General, Laser

Lasers have assumed an increasingly important role in otolaryngology head and neck surgery in the past 10 years, with numerous studies in the literature supporting the use of this modality of treatment for various head and neck diseases.

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Electrosurgery Revisted

Baggish, Michael; Journal of Gynecologic Surgery; 2/2009

Categories: Laser, OB/GYN

This article discusses the hazards of surgical smoke plume, including the presence of HPV, HIV and other viruses as well as DNA. They also discuss the use of smoke evacuators.

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Generations of Infectious Retrovirus Aerosol Through Medical Laser Irradiation

Benedikt L. Ziegler, MD; Christian A. Thomas, MD; Thomas Meier, PhD; Robert Muller, PhD; Theodor M. Fliedner, MD; Lothar Weber, MD, PhD; Lasers in Surgery & Medicine, Vol 23; 1/1998

Categories: General, Laser, OB/GYN

Lasers have many applications in medicine. Although laser beams may come in contact with infectious or neoplastic tissues, the risk of infections or inadvertent dissemination of neoplastic cells through laser plume or vapors is thought to be negligible.

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Laryngeal Papillomatosis with Human Papillomavirus DNA Contracted by a Laser Surgeon

P. Hallmo; O.Naess; European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Vol 248; 1/1991

Categories: Laser

A 44-year-old laser surgeon presented with laryngeal papillomatosis. In situ DNA hybridization of tissue from these tumors revealed human papillomavirus DNA types 6 and 11. Past history revealed that the surgeon has given laser therapy to patients with…

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Maximizing Surgeon Safety During Excimer Laser Photorefractive Procedures

Jay S. Pepose, MD, PhD; American Journal of Ophthalmology, Vol 130, No 6; 12/2002

Categories: Laser

This year, it has been estimated that more than 1 million excimer laser procedures will be performed in the United States alone. A number of viral pathogens have been identified in tears and the ocular surface. This raises the possibility that viral…

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Pilot Study of Directional Airflow and Containment of Airborne Particles in the Size of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis in an Operating Room

Russell N. Olmsted, MPH, CIC; American Journal of Infection Control, Vol 36, No 4; 5/2008

Categories: Aesthetics, Cardiothoracic, Dentistry, Dermatology, Drills, ENT, General, Laparoscopic, Laser, OB/GYN, Plastic, Plume, Reamers, Saws, Smoke

This pilot study clearly indicates that avoiding the use of freestanding HEPA filters inside an OR during a surgical procedure is prudent and consistent with Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines.

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