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Buffalo Filter is committed to providing you with the most comprehensive surgical smoke plume related educational materials. Buffalo Filter's website hosts to a resourceful library of research articles, studies, and editorial work discussing the hazards of surgical smoke plume. 

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Bovie Smoke: A Perilous Plume

Patrick W. McCormick, MD; AANS Neurosurgeon, Vol 17, No 1; 1/2008

Categories: Aesthetics, Cardiothoracic, Dentistry, Dermatology, Drills, ENT, General, Laparoscopic, Laser, Orthopedic, Plastic, Plume, Reamers, Saws, Smoke

Surgical smoke plume, often referred to as Bovie smoke, is examined in this article from a number of different facets. Taken from the American Association of Neurological Surgeons Journal, the author outlines the hazards by first making the comparison of…

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Call to Tackle Toxic Surgery Smoke Risk for Doctors, Nurses, Patients

John Weekes; Stuff.co.nz; 5/2016

Categories: Aesthetics, Cardiothoracic, Dentistry, Dermatology, Drills, ENT, General, Laparoscopic, Laser, OB/GYN, Orthopedic, Plastic, Plume, Reamers, Saws, Veterinary

Surgeons, nurses and patients are being exposed to toxic surgical smoke from burnt body parts, and health staff want new safety measures to combat the risks in New Zealand hospitals.

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Chemical Composition of Smoke Produced by High-frequency Electrosurgery

O.S. Al Sahaf; I.Vega-Carrascal; F.O. Cunningham; J.P. MCGrath; F.J. Bloomfield; Irish Journal of Medical Science; 7/2007

Categories: Aesthetics, Cardiothoracic, Dermatology, Drills, ENT, General, Laparoscopic, Laser, Orthopedic, Plastic, Plume, Saws, Smoke

This study demonstrated the presence of irritant, carcinogenic and neurotoxic compounds in electrosurgical smoke such as toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene. This may have considerable implications for the health and safety of all involved in surgical…

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Comparison of Current and Past Surgical Smoke Control Practices

Ben E. Edwards, MS, CLSO, RRPT, CHP, CMLSO; Robert E. Reiman, MSPH, MD; AORN Journal,; 3/2012

Categories: Aesthetics, Cardiothoracic, Dentistry, Dermatology, Drills, ENT, Laparoscopic, Laser, OB/GYN, Orthopedic, Plastic, Plume, Veterinary

This is the result of a survey conducted by the authors regarding various surgical smoke control practices throughout the United States. The results showed a variety of Local Exhaust Ventilation, Suction and respiratory protection measures.

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Dissemination of Melanoma Cells within Electrocautery Plume

John N. Fletcher, MD; Daphne Mew, PhD, MD, FRCS; Jean-Gaston DesCoˆ teaux, MA, MD, FRCS; Excerpta Medica, Inc., July 1999, Vol 178; 7/1999

Categories: Dermatology, General, Laparoscopic

Results of this study confirm that application of electrocautery to a pellet of melanoma cells releases these cells into the plume. These cells are viable and may be grown in culture. This release of malignant cells may explain the appearance of port…

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Effects of Plume Produced by the Nd: YAG Laser and Electrocautery on the Respiratory System

Barry L. Wenig, MD; Kerstin M. Stenson, MD; Diane Tracey, BS; Wiley-Liss, Inc., Vol 13; 1/1993

Categories: Dermatology, ENT, General, Laser

Lasers have assumed an increasingly important role in otolaryngology head and neck surgery in the past 10 years, with numerous studies in the literature supporting the use of this modality of treatment for various head and neck diseases.

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HPV Positive Tonsillar Cancer in Two Laser Surgeons: Case Reports

Margo Rioux, Andrea Garland, Duncan Webster and Edward Reardon; Journal of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, 42:54; 1/2013

Categories: Dermatology, Plastic

A 53 year-old male gynecologist presented with human papillomavirus (HPV) 16 positive tonsillar squamous cell carcinoma. He had no identifiable risk factors with the exception of long term occupational exposure to laser plumes, having performed laser…

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Infectious Papillomavirus in the Vapor of Warts Treated with Carbon Dioxide Laser or Electrocoagulation: Detection and Protection

William S. Sawchuk, MD; Paul J. Weber, MD; Douglas R. Lowy, MD; Leonard M. Dzubow, MD; Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, Vol 21, No 1; 7/1989

Categories: Dermatology, Plastic

Papillomavirus DNA has been reported recently in the vapor (smoke plume) derived from warts treated with carbon dioxide laser; this raises concerns for operator safety. We therefore have studied a group of human and bovine warts to define further the…

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Pilot Study of Directional Airflow and Containment of Airborne Particles in the Size of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis in an Operating Room

Russell N. Olmsted, MPH, CIC; American Journal of Infection Control, Vol 36, No 4; 5/2008

Categories: Aesthetics, Cardiothoracic, Dentistry, Dermatology, Drills, ENT, General, Laparoscopic, Laser, OB/GYN, Plastic, Plume, Reamers, Saws, Smoke

This pilot study clearly indicates that avoiding the use of freestanding HEPA filters inside an OR during a surgical procedure is prudent and consistent with Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines.

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Surgical Smoke a Health Hazard in the Operating Theatre: A study to quantify exposure and a survey of the use of smoke extractor systems in UK plastic surgery units

D.S.Hill, J.K. O'Neill, R.J. Powell, D.W. Oliver; Elsevier; 1/2012

Categories: Aesthetics, Cardiothoracic, Dentistry, Dermatology, Drills, ENT, General, Laparoscopic, Laser, Plastic, Plume, Reamers, Saws, Smoke

This study looked at the contents of surgical plume in the United Kingdom from plastic surgery centers. Their results revealed the equivalent mutagenicity and other hazards as smoking 27-30 cigarettes per day for OR staff. The contents of the plume were…

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