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Buffalo Filter is committed to providing you with the most comprehensive surgical smoke plume related educational materials. Buffalo Filter's website hosts to a resourceful library of research articles, studies, and editorial work discussing the hazards of surgical smoke plume. 

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Surgical Smoke Plume: Principles and Function of Smoke, Aerosol, Gases, and Smoke Evacuators

Charles R. Yeh, President & CEO of Acuderm, Inc.; Surgical Services Management, Vol 3, No 4; 4/1997

Categories: General, Laser, Orthopedic

There is substantial literature on various aspects of the hazards of smoke plume generated by electrosurgical instruments and lasers. Most studies address single issues. According to a recent survey of 4,500 Canadian physicians and surgeons (with 800…

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Surgical Smoke: Plume What Do We Know

Donna S. Watson, RN, MSN, CNOR, ARNP-BC; Covidien; 1/2009

Categories: General, Orthopedic, Plastic

This paper provides information of what we know about surgical smoke, the associated health risks and current global recommendations and regulations.

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The Mutagenicity of Electrocautery Smoke

John E. Gatti, MD; Charles J. Bryant, CIH; R. Barrett No one, MD; J. Brien Murphy, MD; Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, Vol 89, No 5; 5/1992

Categories: Plastic

Careful analysis of electrocautery smoke produced during breast surgery has found organic compounds that are unidentifiable with current analytical techniques. The purpose of this study was to determine the potential mutagenicity of the smoke produced by…

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The Use of Contained Breathing Apparatus to Isolate the Operator and Assist for Aerosolizing Procedures Including Dermabrasion and Laser Surgery

Paul J. Weber, MD; Allen, E. Wulc, MD; Annals of Plastic Surgery, Vol 29, No 2; 8/1992

Categories: Dermatology, Plastic

Dermabrasion and carbon dioxide laser surgery aerosolize patient blood and tissue particles. The operating physician and assistants may therefore have intimate inhalational and mucous membrane contact with patients' body fluids. Herein is described the…

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The Visualisation of Surgical Smoke Produced by Energy Delivery Devices: Significance and Effectiveness of Evacuation Systems

Tjeerd de Boorder, Rudolf Verdaasdonk, John Klaessens; Proc. of SPIE, Vol. 6440, 64400R; 1/2007

Categories: General

Devices delivering energy to biological tissues (eg lasers, RF and ultrasound) can induce surgical smoke consisting of particles, vapor, gasses and aerosols. Besides interfering with the view of the surgeon, the smoke is a risk for the health of both the…

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Don't Be a Victim of Surgical Smoke

Beverly P. Giordano, RN, MS; AORN Journal, Vol. 63, No. 3; 3/1996

Categories: General, Laparoscopic

If you saw a low-lying cloud that was labeled clearly with its contents, and the label contained the words benzene, carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, hydrogen cyanide, methane, phenol, styrene, and toluene, would you go out of your way to walk through that…

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Viral Disease Transmitted by Laser-Generated Plume (Aerosol)

Jerome M. Garden, MD; M.Kerry O'Banion, MD; PhD, Abnoeal D. Bakus, PhD; Carl Olson, DVM, PhD; Archives of Dermatology, Vol 138; 10/2002

Categories: Dermatology, Plastic, Veterinary

Laser plume has been shown, for the first time to our knowledge, to actually transmit disease. Strict cars must be maintained by the laser practitioner to minimize potential health risks, especially when treating viral-induced lesions or patients with…

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Chemical Composition of Surgical Smoke Formed in the Abdominal Cavity During Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy- Assessment of the Risk to the Patient

Dobrogowski, Wesolowski, Kucharske et al; International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, 27(2):314 – 325; 2/2014

Categories: General, Laparoscopic

This article discusses the finding of various xenobiotics in patient urine following laparoscopic cholecystectomy. These chemicals, including benzene, xylene and toluene, were absorbed by the patient from surgical smoke in their abdomen during laparoscopy…

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No Smoking Allowed: Addressing the Dangers of ESU/Laser Plume and Surgical Fires in the OR

Kris Ellis; Infection Control Today, Vol 8, No 10; 10/2004

Categories: General

Surgical smoke and laser plume are byproducts that are created when tissue and cells are vaporized during electrosurgical and laser procedures. While these methods provide immeasurable benefit for the patients they treat, they and the healthcare workers…

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Surgical Smoke Without Fire: The Risks to the Plastic Surgeon

R.O.S. Karoo, M.B., M.R.C.S.; I. S. Whitaker, M.A.; Cantab., M.B. B. Chir. G. Offer, M.B. B.Chir., F.R.C.S.; ; Journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, Vol 114; 11/2004

Categories: Plastic

Plastic surgeons encounter surgical smoke routinely as a by-product either of electrocautery, laser ablation, or ultrasonic (harmonic) scalpel tissue dissection. Strictly speaking, “smoke” is composed of the products of combustion, while “plume” is a mix…

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