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Buffalo Filter is committed to providing you with the most comprehensive surgical smoke plume related educational materials. Buffalo Filter's website hosts to a resourceful library of research articles, studies, and editorial work discussing the hazards of surgical smoke plume. 

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Aerosols and Splatter in Dentistry

Stephen K. Harrel, DDS; John Molinari, PhD ; The Journal of the American Dental Association, Vol 135, No 4; 4/2004

Categories: Drills, Orthopedic, Reamers, Saws

The airborne spread of measles, tuberculosis and SARS is well-documented in the medical literature. The dental literature shows that many dental procedures produce aerosols and droplets that are contaminated with bacteria and blood. These aerosols…

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Analysis of Surgical Smoke Produced by Various Energy-Based Instruments and Effect on Laparoscopic Visibility

Kyle J. Weld, MD; Stephen Dryer; Caroline D. Ames; Kuk Cho; Chris Hogan; Myonghwa Lee; Pratim Biswas; Jamie Landman, MD; Journal of Endourology, Vol 21, No 3; 3/2007

Categories: General, Laparoscopic, OB/GYN

Discusses the relationship of particle size in plume during laparoscopic procedures. Applies to general surgery as well as gynecologic laparoscopy.

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Biosafety Considerations for Autopsy

Kurt B. Nolte, MD; David G. Taylor, PhD; Jonathan Y. Richmond, PhD; The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology, Vol 23, No 2; 4/2002

Categories: Drills, Reamers, Saws

An autopsy may subject prosecutors and others to a wide variety of infectious agents, including blood borne and aerosolized pathogens such as human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B and C viruses, and Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Other hazards include…

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Bovie Smoke: A Perilous Plume

Patrick W. McCormick, MD; AANS Neurosurgeon, Vol 17, No 1; 1/2008

Categories: Aesthetics, Cardiothoracic, Dentistry, Dermatology, Drills, ENT, General, Laparoscopic, Laser, Orthopedic, Plastic, Plume, Reamers, Saws, Smoke

Surgical smoke plume, often referred to as Bovie smoke, is examined in this article from a number of different facets. Taken from the American Association of Neurological Surgeons Journal, the author outlines the hazards by first making the comparison of…

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Cancer Risk of Incremental Exposure to Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Electrocautery Smoke for Mastectomy Personnel

Hsin-Shun Tseng, Shi-Ping Liu, Shi-Nian Uang, Li-Ru Yang, Shien-Chih Lee, Yao-Jen Liu and Dar-Ren Chen; World Journal of Surgical Oncology, 12:31; 1/2014

Categories: General, Plastic

The carcinogenic effects of PAHs in ES on the occupational health of surgical staff should not be neglected. The use of an effective ES evacuator or smoke removal apparatus is strongly suggested to diminish the electrosurgical smoke hazards to surgical…

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Chemical Composition of Smoke Produced by High-frequency Electrosurgery

O.S. Al Sahaf; I.Vega-Carrascal; F.O. Cunningham; J.P. MCGrath; F.J. Bloomfield; Irish Journal of Medical Science; 7/2007

Categories: Aesthetics, Cardiothoracic, Dermatology, Drills, ENT, General, Laparoscopic, Laser, Orthopedic, Plastic, Plume, Saws, Smoke

This study demonstrated the presence of irritant, carcinogenic and neurotoxic compounds in electrosurgical smoke such as toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene. This may have considerable implications for the health and safety of all involved in surgical…

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Comparison of Current and Past Surgical Smoke Control Practices

Ben E. Edwards, MS, CLSO, RRPT, CHP, CMLSO; Robert E. Reiman, MSPH, MD; AORN Journal,; 3/2012

Categories: Aesthetics, Cardiothoracic, Dentistry, Dermatology, Drills, ENT, Laparoscopic, Laser, OB/GYN, Orthopedic, Plastic, Plume, Veterinary

This is the result of a survey conducted by the authors regarding various surgical smoke control practices throughout the United States. The results showed a variety of Local Exhaust Ventilation, Suction and respiratory protection measures.

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Cytotoxicity of Electrosurgical Smoke Produced in An Anoxic Environment

C. Hensman FRACS A; E. L. Newman PhD A; S. M. Shimi FRCS A; A. Cuschieri MD, FRCS A; The American Journal of Surgery; 3/1998

Categories: General, Laparoscopic

The effect on cell viability of smoke produced during high - frequency electro - surgery has not been previously reported. The aim of this study was to produce smoke in vitro , in a closed environment similar to that encountered in minimal access surgery…

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Dissemination of Melanoma Cells within Electrocautery Plume

John N. Fletcher, MD; Daphne Mew, PhD, MD, FRCS; Jean-Gaston DesCoˆ teaux, MA, MD, FRCS; Excerpta Medica, Inc., July 1999, Vol 178; 7/1999

Categories: Dermatology, General, Laparoscopic

Results of this study confirm that application of electrocautery to a pellet of melanoma cells releases these cells into the plume. These cells are viable and may be grown in culture. This release of malignant cells may explain the appearance of port…

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Effects of Plume Produced by the Nd: YAG Laser and Electrocautery on the Respiratory System

Barry L. Wenig, MD; Kerstin M. Stenson, MD; Diane Tracey, BS; Wiley-Liss, Inc., Vol 13; 1/1993

Categories: Dermatology, ENT, General, Laser

Lasers have assumed an increasingly important role in otolaryngology head and neck surgery in the past 10 years, with numerous studies in the literature supporting the use of this modality of treatment for various head and neck diseases.

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